Which empire ruled 44% of the world’s population?

| David Lewis | History

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The largest Empire by area was the British Empire which in 1920 spanned over 26.35% of the world’s land. 

The largest Empire by contiguous land was the Mongol Empire that stretched over 17.81% of the world’s land in the 12th century.

But according to the Guinness Book of Records, though the Persian Empire spanned over “only” 4.08% of the world’s land it is the largest Empire by share of the world’s population of all time. It is estimated to have ruled 44% of the world’s population at 480BC. At its peak, these Empire subjects are approximated to number 49.4 million of the world’s 112.4 million. 

According to this research, back then, humanity was not yet well spread over the globe and, for instance, the entire Indian subcontinent was home to only one million people.  America’s population at that time was roughly half a million.  

Bonus Fact 1: as big as the Persian Empire was, it was eventually brought down to its knees and conquered by a small kingdom led by one of the world’s greatest strategists and warlords of all time – Alexander the Macedonian all so known as Alexander the Great. 

Bonus Fact 2: click here to find out which empire renamed ancient Israel, Palestine, and why?

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And for all of Alexander’s enthusiasts, here are some more facts:

Alexander was probably born July 21, 356 BC – June 10 or June 11, 323 BC. His widespread conquests included the cities of ancient Greece, the entire territory of the Persian Empire, several Central Asian regions, and even parts of the Indian subcontinent.

Many of his subjects – especially in Egypt – worshiped him as a god; and he has been described as an athletic, courageous, and handsome man. But we need to take into account the flattery is not uncommon when it comes to ruthless kings.

Although Alexander died at the early age of 33, he left a significant mark on history. His extensive conquests opened a new era in the history of humanity – the Hellenistic era.

Alexander’s vision, which featured an integration of the East with the West, culture, religion, and customs was reflected in the new Hellenistic culture that merged the foundations of ancient Greek culture with the local cultures. The effects of Hellenistic culture in the fields of art, philosophy, and other fields are still evident to this day. 

His vision was probably forged with the help of his equally famous tutor – Aristotle. 

And for all of Alexander’s enthusiasts, here are some more facts:

Alexander was probably born July 21, 356 BC – June 10 or June 11, 323 BC. His widespread conquests included the cities of ancient Greece, the entire territory of the Persian Empire, several Central Asian regions, and even parts of the Indian subcontinent.

Many of his subjects – especially in Egypt – worshiped him as a god; and he has been described as an athletic, courageous, and handsome man. But we need to take into account the flattery is not uncommon when it comes to ruthless kings.

Although Alexander died at the early age of 33, he left a significant mark on history. His extensive conquests opened a new era in the history of humanity – the Hellenistic era.

Alexander’s vision, which featured an integration of the East with the West, culture, religion, and customs was reflected in the new Hellenistic culture that merged the foundations of ancient Greek culture with the local cultures. The effects of Hellenistic culture in the fields of art, philosophy, and other fields are still evident to this day. 

His vision was probably forged with the help of his equally famous tutor – Aristotle.