The word ‘Arctic’ derives from the Greek word ‘Arktikos’, meaning ‘near the bear’. It refers to the position of the polar star near the constellation of the ‘Great Bear’ (Ursa Major) that is located in the sky just above the Arctic.
Others assert it is named after the Arctic Circle’s best-known habitat – the polar bear.
Bonus fact 1: Though the polar bear’s fur appears to be white, it is actually hollow and semi-transparent.
Bonus fact 2: The polar bears’ short tail and small ears help reduce heat-loss and are therefore perfect for the arctic freezing environment.
Bonus fact 3: Unlike other bears, male-polar-bears do not hibernate and remain alert and active throughout the year.